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Anatomy of Heart

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The Heart is a hollow, cone-shaped, muscular pump that beats about 2.5 billion times in an average lifetime. It pumps blood through 120,000 km of blood vessels, delivering oxygen to the body and removing carbon dioxide.

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File Name Anatomy-of-Heart.pptx
File Size 16.22 MB
Number of Slides 63
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Built on Microsoft Office 2021
Font used Calibri


Anatomy of Heart PPT Summary

  1. The heart is a vital organ that pumps blood throughout the body, delivering oxygen and removing waste products.
  2. It has specific dimensions and is located in the mediastinum, surrounded by the lungs.
  3. The heart has different surfaces, borders, and sulci that divide it into regions.
  4. It is covered by the pericardium, which consists of the fibrous and serous pericardium.
  5. The heart wall is composed of the epicardium, myocardium, and endocardium.
  6. The heart has four chambers: the right and left atria, and the right and left ventricles.
  7. Valves, such as the tricuspid, mitral, pulmonary, and aortic valves, regulate blood flow in the heart.
  8. The heart is supplied with blood by the coronary arteries and drained by the coronary veins.
  9. It is innervated by sympathetic and parasympathetic nerves.
  10. Cardiac muscle fibers have a unique structure and are connected by intercalated discs.
  11. Medical imaging techniques, such as X-ray and coronary angiography, are used to evaluate the heart.


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