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Protein Energy Malnutrition

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Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children worldwide. It is characterized by wasting, stunting, and underweight in children under 5 years old.

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Protein Energy Malnutrition PPT Summary

  1. Protein Energy Malnutrition (PEM) is a significant issue globally, particularly in children under 5 years old, with high prevalence rates in India.
  2. The etiology of PEM is multifactorial and includes factors such as low birth weight, feeding habits, infections, impaired appetite, and socioeconomic factors.
  3. PEM is classified based on weight for age and the presence of edema, with different grading systems used.
  4. The pathophysiology of PEM involves protein deficiency, energy deficiency, oxidative stress, and changes in body composition and function.
  5. Management of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) involves initial treatment for hypoglycemia, hypothermia, infection, electrolyte disturbances, and dehydration, followed by gradual feeding initiation, rehabilitation, and catch-up growth phases.


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