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Unicondylar Knee Replacement

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Unicondylar Knee Replacement (UKA) is a less invasive surgical procedure that replaces only the damaged or arthritic parts of the knee joint. It aims to resurface the diseased compartment without altering the knee joint’s kinematics or sacrificing the cruciate ligaments.

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File Name Unicondylar-Knee-Replacement.pptx
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Unicondylar Knee Replacement PPT Summary

  1. UKA is a less invasive alternative to total knee replacement surgery, targeting only the damaged or arthritic parts of the knee joint.
  2. The procedure aims to resurface the diseased compartment without altering the knee joint’s kinematics or sacrificing the cruciate ligaments.
  3. UKA is indicated for patients with specific clinical and radiological criteria, including localized pain, intact ACL, and minimal degenerative changes in the opposite compartment.
  4. Procedural tips include avoiding overcorrections, removing osteophytes, minimal bone resection, and proper mediolateral placement.
  5. UKA offers advantages such as preservation of normal knee kinematics, smaller incision size, less blood loss, quicker recovery, and shorter hospitalization. However, it also has disadvantages, including inferior survivorship, secondary degeneration, patella impingement, stress fractures, component loosening, and polyethylene wear.

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