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Indirect Standardization

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Standardization in epidemiological research helps to overcome the influence of confounding variables when comparing disease incidence or mortality rates between populations. It considers factors such as age or sex that can significantly affect the overall rates.

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Indirect Standardization PPT Summary

  1. Standardization is a method to overcome the impact of confounding variables in epidemiological research.
  2. Indirect standardization is used when age-specific rates are unavailable.
  3. Indirect standardization involves applying a set of rates from a standard population to each observed population.
  4. The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) is used to compare observed deaths to expected deaths based on a standard population.
  5. Indirect standardization allows adjustment for age and other factors and can be used to calculate disease occurrence.


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